Common Home Safety Hazards and How to Stay Safe

How to Prevent Common Home Safety HazardsInjuries in the home cause 20,000 deaths per year, with 10 percent of these fatalities involving children. Too often, homeowners only realize there's a safety hazard in the home when it's too late—for instance, after a forgotten candle has caused a fatal home fire. You'll greatly reduce your risk of harm by learning about common safety hazards and by safeguarding your home today, especially against damage not covered by home insurance.

Key Points:

  • Injuries in the home cause 20,000 deaths annually, with 10% involving children.
  • Falls account for 40% of home injuries, posing greater risk to children and older adults.
  • Fires cause significant damage, especially to children and the elderly.
  • Install and regularly maintain smoke detectors to reduce fire-related fatalities.
  • Cooking accidents and improper space heater use contribute to home fires.
  • Carbon monoxide, a colorless and odorless gas, poses health risks.
  • Use carbon monoxide detectors and maintain heating systems to mitigate risk.
  • Toxins in the home can poison pets and adults.
  • Be aware of toxic substances and keep them out of reach, especially with children or pets.
  • Take action to address these hazards for family safety and peace of mind.


Falls account for forty percent of injuries in the home. While a tumble can harm anyone, children and older adults face the greatest risk of physical injury from a fall. Pets cause many falls by getting underfoot. Consider placing a small bell on your pet's collar so you'll know if they are behind you. Keep stairways safe by securely attaching the handrail, removing toys or other items from the stairs, lighting the stairwell, and fixing any loose carpeting or stair boards. If children are in the home, use secure baby gates at the top and bottom of all stairs. Use window guards or child locks for windows, so any children cannot open windows and cause accidents in a Fort Hunt home.


In 2016 alone, 475,500 residential and commercial fires in the U.S. caused $7.9 billion in damage.

Here again, children and the elderly are at the greatest risk of dying or becoming injured in a fire. The most significant way to curb your risk is by installing smoke detectors, then replacing the battery twice a year. Five percent of U.S. homes lack fire alarms, yet account for 50 percent of all fire-rated fatalities.

Cooking accidents contribute to many home fires. Avoid distractions in the kitchen, and never leave the stove unattended. If you use space heaters, keep them at least three feet from draperies, bedding, and other flammables. If you have children, educate them early about irons, stoves, candles, and other causes of fire.

Carbon Monoxide

Your home's heating system creates carbon monoxide or CO if the heating fuel—e.g. natural gas or oil—is not fully burned. If this gas isn't vented outside, it can build up in your home. Since carbon monoxide is colorless and odorless, there is no way to tell whether your home has a carbon monoxide problem.

At low levels of exposure, you may feel dizzy or develop a headache. High levels of exposure cause vision impairment and death. In 2015, there were 393 deaths from carbon monoxide exposure in the U.S., with over one-third of the fatalities occurring in January, February, and December. Deaths are highest in winter because homeowners rely on their heating systems.

The best way to curb risk is with a carbon monoxide detector. Look for a plug-in CO detector to receive 24/7 CO protection and not worry about replacing the batteries. Then keep your heating system tuned up to reduce your risk.

Prevention TipsBenefits
Install carbon monoxide detectors in your home. Early detection of carbon monoxide presence.
Have your heating system, chimney, and flues inspected annually by a professional. Identifying and addressing potential carbon monoxide sources.
Properly vent fuel-burning appliances. Directing carbon monoxide emissions safely outside.
Never use portable generators, grills, or other fuel-burning devices indoors. Preventing the release of carbon monoxide indoors.
Keep vents and chimneys clear of debris, snow, or other blockages. Proper ventilation, reducing the risk of carbon monoxide buildup.
Avoid using gas-powered equipment in enclosed spaces. Minimizing the risk of carbon monoxide accumulation.
If you experience symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning, leave the area immediately and seek medical attention. Swift action to prevent serious health consequences.


Toxins in the home cause poisoning in pets and adults. Even if you've got child locks on kitchen cabinets, there may be toxins you haven't considered. If you have pets, brush up on what's toxic to cats and dogs. Common holiday flowers, like the poinsettia or the Easter lily, can be fatal if ingested.

If you have children, place toxins out of reach or use a lock. Don't overlook personal care products, paints, or household detergents. Dishwashing or laundry detergent pods can look like candy, tempting youngsters.

By taking action today to reduce your risk of these four home hazards, you can protect your family and enjoy peace of mind.

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